Barcelona, 1936

Anarchist street fighters such as those pictured on the barricades above saved Barcelona from military insurrection in 1936 with their initiative, fighting spirit and local knowledge, helping to steady the badly shaken Republic. Volunteering for service on the borders of Catalonia, they not surprisingly proved ineffective against regulars able to manuevre ever so little under fire, especially when supported by artillery. Orwell romanticised these fighters in `Homage to Catalonia', making great play on communist lies, but ommitted like Chomsky later to mention that the anarchists ruled the city and Catalonia through terror.

Photo from Gernsheim `Historic Events 1839 - 1939'